AskDefine | Define silique

Dictionary Definition

silique n : narrow elongated seed capsule peculiar to the family Cruciferae [syn: siliqua]

User Contributed Dictionary


Alternative spellings


  1. A long (length more than twice the width) dry fruit (seed capsule) typical to cruciferous plants consisting of 2 fused carpels that separate when ripe.

Usage notes

A short silique -like fruit is called silicle, silicula or silicule.


  • Finnish: litu

Extensive Definition

A silique is a fruit (seed capsule) of 2 fused carpels that separate when ripe, leaving a peristant partition, with the length being more than twice the width. This classification includes many members of the Brassicaceae family, but some members, such as Capsella bursa-pastroris L., have a shorter fruit of similar structure, in which case the fruit is called "silicle".
silique in Catalan: Síliqua
silique in Czech: Šešule
silique in German: Schote (Frucht)
silique in Spanish: Silicua
silique in Esperanto: Silikvo
silique in French: Silique
silique in Galician: Silicua
silique in Dutch: Hauw
silique in Portuguese: Síliqua
silique in Chinese: 角果
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